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Gladiolus, also known as gladiolus, is a bulb widely cultivated in Italy for the great duration that it has, both as a cut flower and on the ground. There are many varieties of this species that take very different forms and colors. The bulb of this plant is one of the most economical and is readily available at garden centers and nurseries. It is a much loved flower to create flowerbeds and gardens thanks to its liveliness and ease of cultivation. Originally from southern Africa, the gladiolus has a thin stem, numerous elongated leaves and a beautiful flower that shows itself from the top of its stem.
Characteristics of the flower
The gladiolus flowers have the shape of an enlarged trumpet, united in long erect spikes, generally they bloom in succession; the colors can be varied: red, purple, violet, yellow, white, pink, orange and two-colored. They do not have a particular fragrance. The gladioli bloom from late spring until the end of the summer season.
The leaves of the gladiolus are green; the height that the plant can reach is 80/120 cm. They are planted in a sunny place, possibly very sunny; they are preferably used in groups, so that they create a striking patch of color. The gladiolus bulbs fear the cold a little, so it is good to repair the soil with dry leaves, or to dig up the bulbs and keep them sheltered during the winter months.
The gladiolus plants are rather easy to grow and do not require special care and attention. For optimal growth, place the gladiolus in fully sunny areas, this is because, due to their origin from the African continent, they are used to high temperatures and rather dry and dry climates. If they are grown in places with low temperatures, it is better to shelter the plants from cold currents and intense wind, especially during the winter season. The ideal soil is loose, light and very fertile.
As far as fertilization is concerned, it is possible to combine specific fertilizer with irrigation water to improve flowering.
The multiplication of the gladiolus can occur by seed or through cloves. These should initially be disinfected and placed at least 10 cm deep in a soil similar to that used for adult bulbs. As for the planting, this takes place at the end of winter and then resumes from March onwards. If you want to reproduce the plant by seed, you will need to be patient as it takes at least two or three years.
Pests and diseases
Gladiolus is a species that can be easily attacked by pests and diseases, especially if it is grown on a type of soil that is not suitable for the plant. Beware of water stagnation and calcareous soils.
Gladiolus - Gladiolus: Curiosity
A curiosity linked to the gladiolus plant is the origin of its name. It derives from the Latin language "gladius" which means ancient Roman sword. The flowers of the plant in fact remind us of the gladius because of their elongated shape and the thin stem. In the language of flowers it symbolizes the love challenge and wounded love.