We are searching data for your request:
Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Agapanthus or Agapanto is a plant with rhizomatous roots, native to southern Africa; in spring it produces long ribbon-like leaves, 4-6 cm wide and up to 50-80 cm long, which give rise to large bushes, the leaves are shiny, thick, slightly leathery, of a clear color. During the summer months between the arched leaves develops a fleshy, rigid, erect stem, up to 60-100 cm high, at the apex of which numerous tubular flowers bloom, of blue or blue color, united in a large roundish inflorescence. During the winter months the foliage deteriorates and dries, therefore the plant enters vegetative rest until late spring. These large rhizomes are easy to grow and can usually produce 2-3 inflorescences in a vegetative season; There are numerous cultivars, with compact or particularly bright colors, always in shades of blue and blue, some varieties have white flowers. They are difficult to settle in the borders, more often they are used in scrub, or as single specimens, very often they are also cultivated in pots.
Why choose agapanto
Among the geophytes one of the most loved is undoubtedly the agapanto: it is in fact equipped with very decorative leaves and, thanks to its vertical bearing, it can easily find collocations and combinations in the flowerbeds and borders. The characteristic that makes it particularly attractive, however, is the intense blue or blue color of its flowers. He manages to brighten up the garden in the moments in the hottest months, marrying perfectly with almost all the other colors (the pairings with yellow, red or pink are very beautiful). Given its scarce rusticity, it is more readily cultivated in the Center-South and on the coasts even if, with some precautions and carefully choosing the varieties, cultivation in the northern regions is certainly not prohibitive.
THE BRAINING IN BRIEF
Type of plant
Flowering plant with rhizomatous root
|Foliage||Persistent to deciduous, depending on the variety and climate|
|Height||From 30 to 150 cm|
|Width||From 20 to 50 cm|
|Planting density||From 3 to 5 per m2|
|Growth||Normal, the rhizome slowly expands|
|Rusticitа||From rustic to delicate, depending on the species|
|Exposure||Sun, South or East|
|Ground||Deep, rich and fresh, but with excellent drainage|
|Use||Borders, vases, Mediterranean garden|
|Propagation||Division; seed (only for enthusiasts)|
Origins and characteristics
Agapanto, a native of South Africa, is part of the Amaryllidaceae family; to its genus belong about 10 species characterized by rhizomatous roots that develop horizontally from which branch out the long and narrow dark green leaves. From the center of the plant, from July to September, the flower stems are produced with semi-circular open umbels on top. Each can also bear more than 100 campanula-shaped flowers, usually blue in color (but there are also cultivars in white, blue and even with pink shades). The final height is very variable: there are dwarf varieties that do not exceed 20 cm while others touch the meter and a half.
In gardens they can be used in many ways: generally they accompany and enhance the beauty of other essences, especially perennials herbaceous and shrubs. Depending on their final size, they can then be inserted in the first or second floor in the borders. They also combine well with succulents such as agaves or opuntas, in the Mediterranean garden or perennial grasses.
They prefer sunny locations, or with some hours of shade during the hottest hours of the day; during the winter period these rhizomes are in vegetative rest, therefore they can bear temperatures of some degrees below zero; in areas with very cold winters, Agapanthus can be grown in pots, so that they can be stored in a cold greenhouse during the winter. It is also possible to dig up the rhizomes in autumn, or mulch the soil near the rhizome with dry leaves, peat or straw, so as to prevent the soil from being subjected to excessively intense frosts.
It is a heliophilous and thermophilic vegetable: it is good to put it in full sun (with exposure to South or East). If we live in a windy area we reserve a well protected area: the strong currents can in fact cause the stems to break, thus irreparably compromising the vintage bloom.
The Agapanto is watered from April to May until September; it is watered only in case of very dry climate, avoiding excesses and water stagnation, and waiting for the soil to dry perfectly between one watering and another. During the cold months waterings are suspended. The Agapanthus is a plant that suffers a lot from the excessive amount of water and the undrained soils because this condition brings the formation of dangerous water stagnations because they cause root rot.
If the specimens of this particular plant are grown in pots they need more attention with regard to the water supply and the danger of stagnation.
The agapanto does not require constant care, if not a certain attention to irrigation. During the first two years from the plant it is good to carefully follow the plants making sure that the soil remains always slightly damp. The administrations will be intensified when the plant begins to emit the stems; we will reduce only when these begin to wither.
THE AGAPANTO CALENDAR
|Division||November (in the South), March-April (Center-North)|
|Irrigation||From April to September, to be intensified when the stems are released|
|Potassium fertilization||March to August|
|Phosphorus fertilization||August-end of October|
|Winter retreat||Late October-April|