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The feathery carnation is a perennial herbaceous plant of medium size native to Central Europe and Asia. These carnations are thick clumps of thin, erect stems, which bear numerous finely toothed, elongated gray-blue leaves. From May until late summer they produce numerous single flowers, simple, double or stradoppi, with frayed petals, often with zoning in contrasting color with respect to that of the petal; the flowers can be white, pink, red, purple, and there are numerous cultivars with flowers of various colors, even variegated ones, and even rare black ones.
The tufts can reach 30-40 cm in height, widening by 35-40 cm, the ease of seed germination makes it easy to self-seed, giving rise to large groups. For a harmonious development of the plant it is good to detach the withered flowers and to thin out the tufts in spring. The dianthus plumarius they have a fairly short life, so the 4-5 year old plants must be replaced with new plants.
For a correct cultivation, we try to place these carnations in a sunny place, or in partial shade, as long as they are directly exposed to sunlight for at least 5-6 hours a day. They do not fear the cold, even if very cold winters can ruin some stems, which must be promptly removed at the beginning of spring through a winter cleaning pruning.
The plants of feathery carnation endure short periods of drought without problems, but it is good to water them regularly, especially in the hottest months, but without exceeding, and allowing the soil to dry well between one watering and another. At the time of the plant, and after the beginning of spring, it is advisable to bury close to the plant little mature organic fertilizer.
To evaluate if it is the case or not to water we can use the classic method of the finger. we stick a finger into the ground near the plant and evaluate the degree of humidity. If the ground is dry to the touch, it will mean that we can proceed with watering the ground bread.
It is very important to let the soil transpire between one watering and another so as not to suffocate the roots.
Carnations prefer loose, well-drained soil rich in organic matter, possibly alkaline. Dianthus plants plumarius they can be planted in the garden, but the root system, not very developed, allows its cultivation even in a container. These plants are therefore also suitable for cultivation on windowsills and windows, to embellish the home environment with vases.
For the multiplication of the feathery carnation, at the end of winter it is possible to sow small seeds, in a warm bed, which must be kept at 12-15 ° C until germination has taken place. In summer it is possible to practice cuttings, which root easily in a compound consisting of sand and balanced soil, in equal parts.
Feathered carnation - Dianthus plumarius: Pests and diseases
Among the parasites that attack the dianthus plumarius, sometimes the oziorrinco are found and the larvae of the beetle can give problems, seriously damaging the root system.