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the genus silene brings together numerous perennial herbaceous plants, annual or biennial, originating in Europe, Asia and Africa, present in Italy also as spontaneous vegetation. The most used species in the gardens are perennial, but grown as annuals, with a prostrate or creeping habit; they form dense bushes between 15 and 30 cm high; they have small opposite leaves, oval, elongated, of a beautiful bright green color. From mid-spring to late summer they produce numerous small flowers with five serrated petals, pink, lilac or white. To prolong the flowering of flowering moss, another name for this variety, it is advisable to remove the withered flowers.
The flowery moss prefers partially shaded positions, exposed however to the sun for at least 3-5 hours a day, in the less hot hours. These plants are perennial, but they fear temperatures below 7-4 ° C, so they should be collected in a cold greenhouse or in a sheltered room on arrival of the first cold to be able to cultivate them as perennial species.
The flowery moss does not need large amounts of water, although it is advisable to water it regularly, without ever soaking the soil, and waiting for it to dry well before watering again; increase the amount of water supplied slightly during the hottest periods of the year, especially if the plant is located in a very sunny place. It is important that the soil around the Silene acaulis does not allow the formation of stagnant water which is harmful to its health and growth.
Provide fertilizer for flowering plants every 15-20 days mixed with the water used for watering.
For the best possible development the flowery moss needs loose soil, very well drained, rich in organic matter, even if the Silene acaulis still manages to grow without problems in any soil. If you want to cultivate this variety in pot it is good to prepare an adequate substrate, mixing balanced soil with sand and coarse material.
The multiplication of the specimens belonging to this variety occurs by seed; you can sow the silene acaulis in February in seedbed, keeping it in a tempered greenhouse until spring, when the outside temperatures are milder and there is no longer the danger of late frosts; the plants are planted in late April or in May. The perennial species reproduce in autumn by cuttings and are planted in spring.
Flowering moss - Silene acaulis: Pests and diseases
The plants belonging to this specific variety are often attacked by aphids, which ruin buds and buds and by the red spider that produces small yellowish spots on the leaves; sometimes the silene acaulis they are also attacked by gray mold and rust, especially when the plants are in the presence of water stagnation. To counteract the attack of pests it is good to intervene with specific anticryptogamic products that must be used before flowering, or, with natural methods with compounds based on garlic or nettle, which must be vaporized on the affected specimens.