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Beetroot (Swiss chard) is a type of common beet grown in almost every household plot. Unlike ordinary beets, leaf beets are richer in the composition of vitamins, sugars and proteins, they contain carotene and trace elements such as iron, potassium and sodium.
Currently, several varieties of leaf beet are cultivated, differing in size, thickness and color of petioles (from white to raspberry). Beetroot can not only diversify the diet, but due to its beautiful appearance, become a decoration of any flower bed.
In Europe, beets are called chard and are widely cultivated. Chard is unpretentious in care, perfectly tolerates cool temperatures. Therefore, even in central Russia, it can be planted as early as April.
The second planting is usually done in July, and the last in September. Thus, the harvest of greens can be obtained without interruption.
For an early harvest, leaf beets can be planted before winter, together with or a little later than winter garlic.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked in a manganese solution for 1.5-2 hours. It is better to place a bed for chard in a sunny place, dig it up with any organic fertilizer and loosen it thoroughly. The seeds are planted in moist soil to a depth of 2-3 cm, at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other.
During the growth period, leaf beets need abundant watering, otherwise the leaves will be very tough and tasteless.
Harvesting begins when the plant forms a rosette of 5-7 leaves. The large leaves are cut off completely, leaving the smallest ones in the center. After collecting the leaves, the plant must be watered.