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Cabbage Nozomi, description and photo, yield, principle of cultivation, care, application

Cabbage Nozomi, description and photo, yield, principle of cultivation, care, application


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It is believed that the early variety cabbage is more saturated with carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals than the later type of this crop. Such cabbage is used for the preparation of stuffed cabbage, salad, the dishes are very aromatic and tasty.

Of the early ripening varieties, Nozomi cabbage is very popular. Judging by the reviews, this culture is very fruitful, the heads of cabbage are of high quality, the leaves are juicy.

However, it is very important to approach the cultivation and care process responsibly. Let's take a look at each step separately.

Content:

  • Cabbage Nozomi, description and photo
  • Plant yield
  • For what purposes is it applied
  • Growing cabbage Nozomi
  • Care rules: planting, watering, weeding, feeding
  • Disease resistance
  • Advantages and disadvantages of Nozomi F1

Cabbage Nozomi, description and photo

Nozomi cabbage is an early variety. The growing season begins with the period of planting seedlings in open ground and ends with harvesting. In total, this takes fifty to sixty days. It turns out that if you sow seedlings in early March, then in the early days of May it will be possible to harvest the first crop.

This species is famous for its high fruiting and double yield. Forks are formed dense, the mass of a head of cabbage is from 2.5 to 3 kilograms. Experts estimate the density at four and a half points on a five-point scale.

Cabbage has a presentable appearance for a long time, up to 90% of the harvest retains its original color and appearance. Thanks to this quality, the product is suitable for long distance transportation.

The foliage of the vegetable is gray-green. There is a small wave along the edges, the base is bubbly, if you look closely, a waxy coating is slightly noticeable.

The shape of the fork is flat, round. When cut, the head of cabbage is yellow-white. Inside, the stump is small, outside there is a small protrusion.

The product does not crack, even under adverse weather conditions or over-watering.

Seedlings grow rapidly, are unpretentious and do not require the use of special agronomic skills.

As you can see from the description, the cabbage is very good, so you should know in advance about some of the nuances that will allow you to achieve the maximum yield.

Let's watch a video about Nozomi cabbage:

Plant yield

The yield of the plant is quite. The great advantage of this culture is that in a month and a half, the first fruits can be harvested. From one square meter, with proper care, you can collect from five to ten kilograms.

Experts recommend cleaning immediately before using the product, this will maximize the preservation of all its useful properties and juiciness.

If you make the right cut, then after a month and a half you can re-harvest. For this, when harvesting a head of cabbage, it is important to leave from six to eight lower leaves. Then fertilization with a mullein is mandatory.

For what purposes is it applied

Nozomi - cabbage is very tasty and juicy, but it cannot be used for pickling and rolling, as in this type the vegetable quickly deteriorates.

Best of all, this product is suitable for making fresh salad, put it in borscht, soup, cook cabbage rolls or stew.

Growing cabbage Nozomi

In order to get a bountiful harvest of cabbage in early July, you need to start planting seed in early March. The development of seedlings lasts one and a half to two months, after which the culture is planted in open ground.

The seed is planted in boxes, which are later stored in greenhouses or on a windowsill. Prepared soil based on humus and sod land is poured into the container, when preparing the soil, you need to take into account the proportion, put the components one to one. Superphosphate (15 grams per 10 kilograms of earth), ammonium nitrate in the same proportion, and potassium chloride (10 kilograms 6 grams) are perfect as mineral fertilizers.

Seeds must be processed before planting. To do this, the material is dipped into a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, and then periodically immersed in cold and hot water for quenching and preparation for further weather conditions. The seeds are placed on moss or on a damp soft napkin for germination. To speed up the process, it is important that the room has a high temperature, not lower than 20 and not more than 30 degrees.

After germination, the seeds are deepened 1.5 cm into the prepared soil. The sprout is covered with earth from above, and moistened with a spray bottle. The box is covered with glass or plastic wrap and placed on a windowsill or in a greenhouse. The main condition is that the place is well lit and warm.

If everything is done according to the instructions, the first shoots will be on the fifth, maximum seventh day. Now the film opens, and when the first leaves appear, the box is moved to a cool room, and the seedlings are dived (in this case, the optimal temperature is plus 13-15 degrees). 14 days before planting in the garden, the seedlings are periodically taken out into the street for getting used to.

Care rules: planting, watering, weeding, feeding

It is necessary to transplant ready-made seedlings into open ground. To do this, you need to initially prepare the site, dig it up and mix it with organic substances: compost, manure or humus. In early April, apply fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium.

Step-by-step instruction:

  • Outdoor planting begins in mid-May.
  • The size of the hole should be 50 by 50, or 60 by 60 centimeters.
  • Before planting, it is necessary to pour half a kilogram of humus, three grams of ammonium nitrate, four grams of potassium salt and seven grams of superphosphate into all the pits.
  • Add half a liter of river silt, this will give the soil looseness.
  • Deepen the seedlings to the cotyledons.
  • The bushes are watered abundantly with water.

Experts recommend carrying out this manipulation in the morning or evening, when it is cloudy outside.

We offer you to watch an interesting video about planting early varieties of cabbage in the ground:

If you do everything correctly and strictly follow the recommendations, then the harvest will be early and plentiful.

In the process of growth, proper care is required.

Abundant watering

It is necessary to water the ground until moisture reaches the root system of the cabbage. For this, it is enough for the water to penetrate to a depth of 50 cm. Approximately 2-3 liters of water are consumed per hole. If the weather is dry and without rain, then watering is carried out every two days.

Top dressing

14 days after planting the seedlings, the first fertilizers are applied to the open ground. To do this, poultry droppings and mullein are bred with water, in the first case the concentration is 1 to 15, in the second case 1 to 7. The prepared solution is poured 1 liter under each cabbage sprout. In the future, the same fertilizers are used, only a slightly lower concentration.

In the future, mineral fertilizers are also used, they are diluted in water, 50 grams of potassium salt, 20 grams of superphosphate, 40 grams of ammonium nitrate are used per 10 liters. For 1 season, fertilizers of this type are introduced twice.

Disease resistance

Diseases are characteristic of a given culture only in two cases: if the growing season was carried out incorrectly or the rules of care were not followed.

Diseases characteristic of cabbage are indicated in the table.

Keel fungusDue to excessive watering, the acid in the soil increases, and the fungus multiplies. The disease manifests itself by external factors, the cabbage grows slowly, the leaves begin to wither, and bumps and growths form on the root system. To remove the infection, you should destroy the affected cabbage and disinfect the ground with Bordeaux liquid.
Dry rotThe disease betrays itself by the formation of gray spots on the foliage and black stump. If the fungus penetrates deeply, then the head of the cabbage becomes rotten and unsuitable for consumption. To prevent the disease, once a week for 21 days, you need to treat the seedlings with wood ash.
Gray rotThis disease affects the vegetable after harvest. To avoid this, you need to periodically inspect the heads of cabbage and ventilate the room in which they are stored.
Bacterial infectionThe disease infects the vessels of the cabbage. Symptoms include the development of an unpleasant odor and the formation of mucus on the foliage surface. This disease is typical if there is a lot of nitrogen, a lot of moisture, or there were sudden temperature changes in the soil area.
SclerotiniaIt develops due to prolonged cold rains. Manifested by rotting of the fork.
NecrosisThe disease develops if you add too much fertilizer. The onset of the disease is evidenced by the formation of small black dots on the head of the cabbage.

In addition to diseases, pests are dangerous for cabbage:

  • Cabbage fly. When inspecting the plant, white larvae can be found. Most often, they feed on the root system and stem tissue. To avoid fly infestation, you need to treat the area around the hole with mothballs, ash and tobacco dust. All substances are put in the same proportions.
  • Scoop butterfly. This insect is brown in color, it has longitudinal stripes on the abdomen. Caterpillars are especially dangerous, they crawl deeper and lay green excrement there. If you regularly spray with insecticides, damage will not occur.
  • White butterfly. To fight, you can plant calendula or marigold flowers next to the cabbage. Butterflies do not tolerate the smell of these plants and do not fly close. If there are no such flowers, you can treat the bushes with mustard or vinegar.
  • Aphid. The foliage is damaged. It is necessary to spray the vegetable with solutions based on wormwood and tobacco.

In each case, you need to periodically review the condition of the bushes and take timely action when certain symptoms appear.

Advantages and disadvantages of Nozomi F1

Although Nozomi cabbage is considered a hybrid, it is the leader among early crops due to its positive qualities.

Here is some of them:

  • high fruiting;
  • simultaneous maturation of all heads of cabbage;
  • presentable appearance;
  • the variety is suitable for long-distance transportation;
  • juicy and aromatic heads of cabbage;
  • frost-resistant;
  • minimum requirements for care and cultivation.

Among the disadvantages are the unsuitability for winter storage in a fresh, rolled or salted form.

So, Nozomi cabbage is a very tasty early ripening variety. With proper care, it gives a good harvest, is suitable for sale, and is actively used in cooking.


Watch the video: Experiment: Red Light vs Blue Light -How Spectrums Affect Plant Growth- LED vs CFL (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Kazrajinn

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  2. Garberend

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  4. Johnnie

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