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Rye as a green manure, benefits and application features

Rye as a green manure, benefits and application features


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Many gardeners try to grow their products with minimal use of chemicals. However, without the introduction of mineral fertilizers, plants will very quickly use up nutrients from the soil. Some of the required minerals will be washed out by the rains.

As a result, yields will begin to fall, and plants will lose their resistance to diseases and pests. Let's consider one of them - rye as a siderat.

Content:

  • Features of the cereal rye as a siderat
  • How to sow rye on green manure before winter
  • Rye for siderata during spring sowing
  • Rye as a green manure for garden and horticultural crops

Features of the cereal rye as a siderat

A variety of crops can be used as siderates. Rye has a number of advantages, since it is convenient to sow it both before winter and in spring. As soon as the crop is harvested from the site, and many crops are harvested at the end of summer, rye can be sown in their place.

When sown before winter, rye will start growing as soon as the snow melts. This is very convenient, since you do not need to wait until the soil melts to the depth required for processing and only then start sowing the cereal.

Rye, as a siderat, has the following positive aspects and advantages:

  • the seedlings are tender, they decompose easily when plowed
  • promotes the conversion of phosphorus into a form convenient for plants
  • is the prevention of late blight
  • saturates the soil with nitrogen, potassium
  • improves the structure and texture of the soil, which is especially important for heavy soils
  • inhibits the development of weeds
  • compared to the same wheat, rye is unpretentious
  • availability of seed and its low cost

But this culture also has drawbacks, the main of which concerns winter sowing. In spring, winter rye has highly developed roots. They take up a lot of moisture and dry out the soil. If you do not take measures for timely watering, then the earth can turn into a hard crust.

The crops sown after this green manure require additional watering. The entire area, where green shoots were plowed, also requires watering. This is due to the fact that the decomposition of green mass occurs only in moist soil.

How to sow rye on green manure before winter

In order for the crops of green manure to bring the maximum benefit, you need to adhere to simple rules. In order for rye to improve the chemical and mechanical composition of the soil, its sowing before winter should be planned so that in the spring it stays in the beds as long as possible.

Therefore, it is advisable to sow it in front of crops that are planted quite late. It is desirable that at the time of plowing into the ground, rye enters the stage of ear formation. At this time, the green parts are still tender, but the nutrient content of the green mass is already high.

The best sowing time before winter begins in the second half of August and lasts until mid-September. The site is dug up, shallow grooves are made on it at a distance of 15 cm from each other. The seeds are laid out. Close them up in the ground. You don't have to worry about winter crops until spring.

Loosening the soil in the spring will give an impetus to the growth of green mass. It is very good for this to loosen the aisles with a flat cutter. After three to four weeks, the ground part can be cut off.

The most convenient way to do this is also with a flat cutter. Important! The site is not dug up, the roots of the culture must remain in the ground. The green cuttings can be left on the garden bed, transferred to other crops, or composted. In the place where rye grew as a siderat, after 14 days, you can plant or sow the main crop.

Rye for siderata during spring sowing

Taking into account the fact that rye tolerates low temperatures well, its spring sowing is carried out as soon as the snow cover melts. Usually this time falls in the first ten days of April. The easiest way to plant in spring is by randomly scattering seeds over the ground. In this case, the consumption of seeds should be approximately 1.8 kg per one hundred square meters of land.

Also in the spring you can sow rye under a rake, that is, go through the area with a rake before and after sowing. As with autumn sowing, you can make grooves at a distance of 13-15 cm and sow seeds in them with further embedding with soil. It is advisable to mow green stems when they are at least 40 cm high.

All stems must not be embedded in the soil. This can cause it to sour. Part of the green stems is embedded in the ground, another part can be used as mulch under other crops, and the rest can be put in a compost heap.

Since moisture is needed to accelerate the decomposition of green parts in the soil, the area where the planting was done after spring sowing should be watered regularly. You can start planting the main crop in 15 - 18 days. We will try to figure out which crops it is best to apply rye as a siderat.

Rye as a green manure for garden and horticultural crops

In the garden, rye can be sown between fruit trees and berry bushes. During the whole season, the ground parts need to be mowed several times. It is advisable to use the cut parts for composting.

If the farm has poultry or livestock, then the green tender stems can be used as feed. Usually, several mows can be obtained over the summer. In the same way, rye can be grown in the case when it was possible to allocate part of the land, which in the current season is taking a break from growing the main crops.

Given that potatoes and vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, physalis need a lot of nitrogen and loose soil, rye is an ideal precursor crop for them. For these crops, you can use its sowing both before winter and spring.

Besides nightshades, rye can be sown before planting:

  • cucumbers
  • pumpkin
  • watermelon
  • kaput
  • beets
  • strawberries

If the site is affected by weeds, such as wheatgrass and sow thistle, then rye sown as green manure will help clear them of the land. Important! Rye should not be used as a green manure before sowing any grain crops.

Getting good yields is impossible without the use of mineral and organic fertilizers. A competent approach will allow most of them to be replaced by sowing various crops with green manure. Also, with their help, you can improve the condition of the earth and reduce the amount of weeds in a natural way.

Video on how to use rye as a green manure:


Watch the video: Improve soil fertility in your food garden with a green manure crop (May 2022).