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Campsis is a perennial thermophilic plant, popularly called tekoma. Liana is prized for its decorative foliage. Suitable for braiding fences and arbors.
- Description and types of kampsis
- Agrotechnical methods of growing vines
- Reproduction of kampsis
- Plant pests
Description and types of kampsis
Campsis belongs to the Bignonium family. Deciduous plants are quite large vines with a well-developed root system. Kampsis leaves are entire, sometimes with a serrated edge with charming teeth. Woody shoots. Tubular flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescences, painted in red or orange tones.
Aerial roots are located on the shoots. Thanks to them, the liana receives additional nutrition and with their help the plant is attached to the support, which, if possible, is recommended to be made removable. There are varieties without air layers, even in the form of shrubs. Flowering begins in June and lasts until the first frost.
The genus includes 2 types:
Rooting campsis is a fast-growing tree liana. Aerial roots are located throughout the stem, helping the plant to gain a foothold in neighboring trees or to another surface. Cirrus leaves of a dark green color, up to 30 cm long, densely adorn the plant. Have jagged edges. The upper side is glossy, the lower side has small fibers.
Bright yellow, orange or red inflorescences appear in July. Long flowering. Some flowers fade, in their place boxes with seeds appear, new flowers bloom.
Chinese or large-flowered campsis is a species that is particularly decorative. Distributed in Japan and China. A tall liana reaches 10 m in height. Large-toothed attractive foliage, although small, colored dark green.
Attached to the support with air roots. During the flowering period, a cap of red flowers with a salmon tint appears against the background of dark foliage. Blooms throughout the month. Then winged seeds ripen, which, when the wind blows, are carried over long distances.
There is also a hybrid species, which I classify separately. This is Kampsis Tagliabuan. Tall plant, reaching 6 m in height. It is characterized by powerful shoot growth. When it grows, it forms a lush bush.
The hybrid is less like a liana - it is very reluctant to climb the support. Has a high decorative effect. From the large-flowered Kampsis, he took over the decorative properties, and resistance to low temperatures - from the rooting kamsis.
Agrotechnical methods of growing vines
Campsis is thermophilic, so it cannot endure prolonged frosts. Prefers fertile, moderately moist soil. In order for the plant to feel better, sand and peat should be added before planting, thereby providing the soil with good air permeability. It is advisable to make drainage in order to exclude stagnation of water in the soil.
In a sunny area, it feels more comfortable, although it develops just as well in the shade. Does not tolerate drafts, requires moderate watering - no "wet feet". During flowering, you need to water more abundantly.
Reacts easily to crown formation. You need to prune constantly and should start when the campis starts to grow. In the spring, you need to break off all the extra shoots, leaving a couple of pieces on the handle. By the end of the growing season, long lashes grow and lignify, forming the basis of the liana.
Subsequently, Kampsis needs spring pruning, which consists in removing all thickening shoots. Also, in the spring, you need to cut off all blackened and unhealthy shoots.
Features of growing in the first year
It is recommended to grow a young seedling in a container. Should be moved to a permanent place in the spring. If summers are cold, flowering problems may arise. To increase the plant's resistance to unfavorable conditions, it is necessary to grow Kampsis by rooting a cuttings taken from a flowering adult plant.
Fertilizing and preparing for winter
Responsive to organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic compost is preferable. They should be brought directly into the planting pit. Potash and phosphorus fertilizers are necessary during flowering.
A heat-loving plant needs shelter for the winter. It is required to remove all the whips, bend to the ground and pin. To facilitate the process of removing one-meter lashes, the support must be made removable. Cover the branches with spruce branches, throw polyethylene on top, and then the foliage.
Reproduction of kampsis
Liana is propagated by seed, by rooting cuttings and layering.
Fertile soil is poured into special boxes and seeds are sown. For early germination, use the mini-greenhouse method. The plantings are aired daily, and the soil is moistened if necessary. When the plant grows stronger, they can be transferred to the flower bed. Seedlings are characterized by slow growth. The flowering of plants grown by seed propagation occurs 7 years after planting.
Campsis is a magnificent garden vine on video:
Root cuttings. An easier and faster way to get new copies. The stalk is cut from the lash with a piece of lignified bark. Reproduction is carried out even before the plant starts to grow. Can be planted out immediately.
Rooting with green cuttings is started in the summer. Each cutting should have a couple of leaves. Rooted in water. With the appearance of the roots, the cuttings are planted in a hole at an angle. The soil should be mulched. This will help keep the soil moist and prevent weeds from drowning out the small stalk.
The easy way. You will need to select layers that are closer to the ground. They need to be put on the ground, pinned and sprinkled with earth. Next year, they can be cut off from the mother plant and planted in another place.
Aphids are the most dangerous and common pest. Colonially spreading. The appearance of aphids can provoke abundant nitrogen fertilization, especially during dry summers. The insect attacks the kamsis buds and feeds on young leaves, leaving behind a sweet viscous mass that attracts ants.
Folk remedies are used to fight. An infusion of laundry soap with alcohol is considered very effective. In addition, excessive watering leads to decay of the root system. Caring for Kampsis is straightforward. With minimal effort, the site will be decorated with chic plant lashes with huge, bright flowers of an overseas plant.