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How often housewives sigh, accompanying a withered bouquet of beautiful roses to the trash bin. No problems! Several recommendations from experienced gardeners, and roses will delight you with a luxurious bouquet more than once.
- What roses should be rooted
- How to cook cuttings properly
- Rooting in water
- Rooting cuttings of roses in the ground
- Rooting rose cuttings in potatoes and aftercare
What roses should be rooted
Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that all cuttings prepared for rooting will pass this stage successfully. Before rooting roses at home, you must remember that:
- Dutch hybrid varieties of roses, like hybrids from South America, propagate extremely poorly by cuttings - this is inherent in their physiology. It is necessary to harvest a lot of cuttings, about 15% will take root in the soil
- Cuttings of dark colored roses take root much more easily than roses with yellow and orange colors or shades.
- For rooting roses from a bouquet, it is better to select specimens in buds - faded roses are weakened.
- The buds should be clearly visible in the leaf axils.
For a better rooting process, a long day of light is required. Therefore, it is necessary to read rooting in the spring, summer or early autumn or at home to provide the cuttings with illumination. If the desire to root cuttings of roses is not lost, then it is time to prepare cuttings.
How to cook cuttings correctly
Not all roses provide good rooting material. From the bouquet, you must immediately select flowers with a stem no thinner than a pencil. You also need to select the branches of the bush of the roses you like. It is necessary to cut off with a sharp secateurs. On the selected branch there should be at least 3 buds: the lower cut should be made between the buds along the oblique, and the upper one - directly above the bud (1 cm higher) and as horizontal as possible. Immediately treat the place of the upper cut with crushed activated carbon.
All leaves, except for the top branch, must be torn off. The thorns are also carefully removed. If the cutting is prepared in this way, then it is time to make the correct lower cut: lower the lower part of the branch into the water and make an oblique cut there. In this case, the air will not be able to "seal" the tubules of the barrel.
Cuttings can be rooted in different ways:
- In water
- In the ground in a greenhouse
- In potatoes
- Burrito method
Before rooting cuttings in any way, experienced home growers have been carrying out some procedures for many decades.
Before rooting, the cuttings are soaked for a day in a solution of baker's yeast: dissolve 250 g of wet yeast in two liters of water. Then rinse and place in clean water. The cuttings should be half submerged in water. The yeast water remaining from soaking can be poured under other indoor plants - this is an excellent fertilizer and growth stimulator, thanks to the presence of B vitamins.
Honey has excellent antiseptic properties, has a complex of mineral components, which stimulates growth and strengthens the health of cuttings. The solution to stimulate root growth is as follows: 2 tsp. natural honey for 3 liters of water at room temperature. Immerse the cuttings overnight in such a solution to a depth of 1/3 of the length, and in the morning remove and put in a container of water for rooting. After familiarizing yourself with each, you can choose an affordable and interesting way.
Rooting in water
This is the easiest way, but the roots are weak, and careful maintenance is required for their further rooting in the soil. For rooting, you can use clean water with any rooting stimulant, or you can use folk remedies.
Aloe causes active cell division, so it is used not only as a growth stimulant, but also as an immunomodulatory agent. Before any use, it is better to wrap aloe leaf in dark paper and put it in the refrigerator for a week. A few drops of fresh aloe juice are enough for a container with cuttings. The willow water method requires a little more effort and time, but it gives excellent results.
In addition, the resulting product can be used many times. To get "willow water", it is necessary to put several willow twigs (or willow, poplar or wild rosemary) into a container with water and wait for the roots to appear, and then remove the branches. This water is an excellent root formation stimulant even in cuttings that are very greedy for roots. If, during the rooting process, water evaporates from the container, then it is necessary to top up with fresh water: the properties do not change from this.
Cuttings of roses will stand in water for quite a long time - one and a half to two months. To speed up the process, you can put on a transparent plastic bag with a small hole on the cuttings and tie it to containers - you get a mini-greenhouse.
Old leaves may fall off and must be removed from the bag immediately. In the cold season, the constructed greenhouse should be placed in a warm place and lighting should be arranged. When a white bloom appears on the handle in the water, this means that roots will soon appear. Cuttings are transplanted into the ground upon reaching a length of at least 1 cm.
For the rooting process to be successful, the soil must be very loose: turf soil (2 parts), leafy soil and sand - one part each. Cuttings are planted to a depth of 1.5-2 cm and a layer of sand 2-3 cm is poured on top for better air access. For planting, you can use ordinary flower pots, but to control rooting, it is better to take plastic transparent glasses (0.5 l), having previously made several holes in the bottom.
All planted cuttings are again watered with warm water with a root formation stimulant and are identified in the greenhouse from a package, but it is not necessary to tie it. After two to three weeks, the package can be removed, and the cuttings can be watered about once a week, preventing the soil from drying out.
Rooting cuttings of roses in the ground
The cuttings are prepared for rooting as described above, but before planting in the ground, dip the lower horses of the cuttings in any root formation stimulator. Rooting soil can be purchased ready-made "For roses", or you can use perlite. In the container for planting, it is necessary to organize good drainage - pour expanded clay on the bottom by at least 2 cm.
As a container, you can use ordinary pots, but glasses made of transparent plastic are better - the size of the glass must be chosen depending on the size of the cutting: the cuttings go deep into the ground almost along the upper bud slightly at an angle.
After planting, the soil should be sprinkled on top with a layer of sand to prevent fungal diseases. Above the cuttings, you need to build a greenhouse from plastic bags. The greenhouse must be kept for a month or two, the emerging root system will be visible in the plastic cups, then the greenhouse can be removed.
Rooting cuttings of roses in potatoes and subsequent care
Traditional gardeners suggest rooting roses in fresh potatoes: nutrients will nourish the cutting and stimulate the emergence of roots. The method is the simplest: simply stick the prepared cuttings into large potatoes 2/3 of the height. Potatoes are dropped into a 5 cm deep pot, after removing all the eyes (otherwise the potatoes will grow their shoots).
Gardeners are familiar with this simplest method recently; it does not give high rooting results. All cuttings are dipped in a lower cut into any rooting agent and wrapped in a damp newspaper in several layers. The package is placed in a cool place with a temperature of about 15 degrees for two weeks. The burrito should be checked and moistened regularly all this time. After 14 days, unfold and select those cuttings that have formed a white bloom - the place of future roots - for planting in the ground in a greenhouse.
Taking care of rooted cuttings
Watering young rose bushes should be moderate. In the first year of independent life in the ground, the buds of roses are cut off, which gives the plant the opportunity to gain strength and get stronger. And in a year, a young rose will delight you with a beautiful bouquet.
Video about growing roses from cuttings: