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How to grow ginger in the garden: germination, transplanting, harvesting

How to grow ginger in the garden: germination, transplanting, harvesting


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In the retail network, you can buy ground and pickled ginger, which is widely used in home cooking and folk medicine.

Fresh ginger root (rhizome) also goes on sale. Powerful roots, consisting of separate segments, involuntarily suggest whether they can be planted in an open-air area or an Asian native will not take root in a temperate climate?

We will try to figure out how to grow ginger in the garden and what kind of harvest is worth waiting for.

Content:

  • Short description of ginger plant
  • How to germinate ginger before planting in the garden
  • Transplanting young ginger to the garden

Short description of ginger plant

The roots of ginger were brought to European countries by merchants from China or other Asian countries back in the Middle Ages. Thick curved, in a cork shell, they were appreciated in the pharmaceutical production of various drugs and in the culinary business. The root of ginger was called thick, curved, underground shoots consisting of well-separated segments - the rhizomes of a perennial herb ginger (common).

This plant belongs to the genus Ginger, the Ginger family. Pharmacy ginger has a developed underground part - a rhizome, from which fibrous roots and erect green shoots depart. Rhizomes grow horizontally under a layer of earth at almost the same depth.

They consist of an upper protective cork layer and an inner parenchyma. The parenchyma of the ginger rhizome contains not only fibrous vascular bundles, but also cells with essential oil.

On a straight, round stem, elongated narrow simple leaves are alternately located, which at the beginning of growth are rolled up in a dense tube. Outwardly, the stems with leaves resemble sedge.

The plant produces an arrow-shaped peduncle, at the top of which there are flowers collected in spike-shaped inflorescences that resemble a cone. The flower cups consist of five fused green sepals. There are three petals and they are either purple or orange with purple edges. In place of flowers, fruits are formed - boxes.

From an interesting powerful rhizome to unusual, bright enough flowers, ginger looks quite interesting, so many fans of exotic plants have a desire to grow it on their site.

How to germinate ginger before planting in the garden

Planting material for self-cultivation of ginger in open ground is most often the parts of the rhizome with live buds. You can buy them at any grocery store where they come from Asian countries.

When choosing planting material for the garden, one must give preference to the rhizome that has:

  • smooth surface
  • elastic top layer
  • rot-free cover plug
  • well visible kidneys - eyes
  • inner layer without traces of drying

Since under natural conditions ginger grows in a rather warm climate, a short summer in regions with a temperate climate is not enough for the plant to develop normally. Based on this, it is necessary to germinate the rhizomes in advance before planting. It is better to start it in February-March.

Before planting, divide the rhizome into separate fragments of two or three segments - phalanges. Soak pieces of ginger in warm water for a day.

Pour a drainage layer on the bottom of a wide pot and fill it with a mixture of turf soil with sand and humus to 2/3.

Arrange the pieces of rhizome with the eyes upward and cover with a layer of soil 2 cm thick on top. It is good to water everything. The soil in the pot must be constantly moist. After 15-20 days, green cones of sprouting ginger will appear above the ground.

With further cultivation, it is important to maintain the moisture regime and prevent even short-term drying out of the soil. The room temperature should be +20 +22 degrees. Every two weeks, feed the plant with complex mineral fertilizers.

Keep the pot with sprouted ginger on a well-lit window, but protect from direct sun. The emerging leaves can be regularly sprayed with settled water. At the end of spring, ginger should be transplanted into open ground.

Transplanting young ginger to the garden

For growing ginger in a garden, a well-lit area with fairly moist soil is suitable. The soil is needed loose, filled with sand and organic matter. A shallow trench is made in it, in which ginger seedlings obtained in a pot are placed at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other.

Plant care boils down to the following:

  • watering
  • loosening the soil once a week
  • weed removal
  • feeding
  • spraying in dry weather

If the ginger was planted in February-March, then in mid-September you can start harvesting. If the leaves turn yellow and the stems begin to fall apart, then it's time to harvest. To do this, stop watering in 10 days, after which you can start digging the rhizomes with a shovel.

Of course, you can't count on too much growth, but still it will be full-fledged ginger rhizomes. After everything has been dug up, the rhizomes are dried for three days and stored in the same conditions as other root crops.

To get flowers, you can experiment and plant several plants in a greenhouse. Perhaps the rhizomes will successfully overwinter and germinate in the spring. If the experience is crowned with success, then in the third year the plant can please with flowering. But if the plant is planted for the sake of flowers, then it is still better to grow it in pots, bringing it indoors for the winter.

Video about ginger at home:


Watch the video: Harvesting Galangal Ginger grown in 12-inch Autopot. (May 2022).