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Mushrooms grow not only in the mycelium, which is located in the soil, but also on stumps and trees. Today in the forest you can find a large variety of mushrooms, which are classified as edible and inedible, and choose a variety of areas for their "residence". In most cases, fungi that grow on stumps fall into the category of fungi - saprophytes, for which the remains of other microorganisms serve as nutrients.
- What mushrooms grow on stumps?
- Growing mushrooms on stumps
What mushrooms grow on stumps?
- The well-known mushrooms, which are popularly called honey agarics, grow on stumps. These are red and yellow-red mushrooms. These mushrooms are included in the category of edible mushrooms, they can be fried, boiled, pickled without fear. The mushroom mushroom is located on rather old stumps of coniferous trees - these are spruce and pine.
- Another well-known mushroom that also grows on a tree stump is oyster mushroom. The most favorable conditions for development are created by the stumps of such trees as linden, maple, elm, aspen. You can harvest oyster mushrooms in the fall, from mid-September to the end of October. Mushrooms grow in large "families" of several dozen pieces. Oyster mushroom can be eaten, but only when the mushroom is young. Overripe oyster mushrooms can cause serious poisoning, as microorganisms poisonous to humans begin to develop in it.
- Mature stumps of deciduous trees are ideal for active growth and reproduction of fungi such as tiger saw-leaves. The best time to harvest such a mushroom harvest is from mid-June to late October. Young mushrooms have excellent taste, they can be eaten both boiled and fried.
- Another mushroom that grows on stumps is tinder fungus. If the young mushroom is not very tough, then it can be fried and eaten, because mature and tough mushrooms will be dangerous to the human body.
Growing mushrooms on stumps
Today, many gardeners grow mushrooms in their area, artificially creating conditions that are most favorable for the development of mushrooms. Growing mushrooms on stumps is a rather interesting process that is fraught with a large number of peculiarities and nuances. All the necessary material for sowing, mycelium and fruiting is carried out directly on the garden plot itself, and not in the forest.
In order to create the necessary conditions for yourself, it is best to use stumps of young deciduous trees, the diameter of which ranges from 25 to 70 cm. The main condition is that the stump must be clean, that is, no extraneous fungi should grow on it. The process of infecting wood with mushroom material can be carried out at any time of the year, but the most suitable period for this is from April to June. It is best to use mycelium for the process of creating mycelium.
Sowing mushrooms is necessary in the lower part of the hemp, which is adjacent to the ground itself. If you use hemp of great height, then it is necessary to sow the part that is at the level of 4-6 cm from the ground surface.
It is best to carry out the sowing process in September or early October, since it is during this time period that the most favorable weather is established for the creation of mycelium. In order for such mushrooms to have fruiting bodies as quickly as possible. As oyster mushrooms, the most favorable weather is daytime temperatures ranging from 12-18 ° C, while at night the temperature should drop to 4-8 ° C.
One stump can be a good base for mycelium, which will regularly produce up to 100 fruiting body buds. Depending on what weather conditions persist, the fruiting period of mycelium can be 30-50 days. In dry and hot weather, it is necessary to water the hemp abundantly at least twice a week.
Mushrooms that were artificially planted on a tree stump can bear fruit on average up to 6-8 years before the woody substrate is completely destroyed. The maximum yield of mycelium can be observed in the second and third years after it was planted on a given tree stump. It is worth noting that in addition to a constant and good mushroom harvest, you can achieve a gradual destruction of the stump, as a result, there will be no need to grub it up.
Many experts advise growing mushrooms in your garden in this way using the stump of a deciduous tree. You will be able to get not only a good harvest, and throughout the summer period, but also get mushrooms that were grown in ecologically clean conditions and are distinguished by their nutritional and medicinal properties.
In nature, there are a number of fungi that do not grow in the soil, but on tree stumps. This is a small number of species that are distinguished by their excellent taste and useful properties. Such mushrooms can be grown artificially on your site.
Informative video about growing oyster mushrooms on stumps: