We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Cilantro or coriander is a great herb for many dishes. We publish basic agricultural techniques for growing this spice and expert advice.
- Description and agricultural technology
- Expert advice
Description and agricultural technology
Most of our compatriots learned this spicy herb through Korean dishes. In the east, it has been cultivated for more than five millennia. Maybe that's why its other name appeared - Chinese parsley. The Chinese attributed the power of immortality to this spice.
Cilantro is a representative of annual herbaceous plants, which are distinguished by early maturity and frost resistance, but at the same time high requirements for the soil composition. On marginal lands, crops grow weak and quickly move to stemming, and therefore it is better to start growing cilantro in early spring, when there is a lot of moisture in the soil.
In February-March, cilantro can be planted in a greenhouse, then the flower stalks will be somewhere on the 40th day after seed germination. If the sowing is done later, that is, in May-June, peduncles can be expected as early as the 20th day. Collect on time, unripe seeds have an unpleasant odor.
When sowing, the seeds are placed to a depth of 1-1.5 cm.The distance between the plants should be approximately 9-13 cm, between the rows 28-33 cm.Therefore, when cilantro sprouts sprout and actively begin to grow, they must be thinned out, leaving the distance between the outlets is the specified distance.
Coriander is a plant for a long day, and therefore, with a lack of light, its growth will slow down. If the cultivation of cilantro is planned for greens, then the plant must be removed as soon as the inflorescences begin to form, since the appearance of buds is undesirable.
Cilantro leaves are not uniform along the stem. The lower ones have petioles, and at the top the leaves sit directly on the stem, the shape of the latter is slightly elongated. Flowers are collected in an umbrella, small. There are pink and white flowers. The main stem of the cilantro ends with a central umbrella, from which flowering begins. Other umbrellas bloom after, blooming at the same time. It is better to harvest the leaves when the cilantro is in the rosette phase (about 15-20 cm high). After cutting, it is recommended to feed the plant.
Caring for cilantro is not at all difficult: weeding and watering once every 8-10 days. This method of watering is recommended in dry times, if the humidity is sufficient, then you do not need to water the cilantro.
Cilantro in the garden is very demanding on light. Shady or shaded location delays its maturation, as mentioned above. At the same time, the yield decreases sharply, and the content of essential oils is greatly reduced. Therefore, to get seeds, it is necessary to sow in open areas.
Cilantro is also demanding for moisture. The period most sensitive to moisture is the onset of stemming and the time of flowering. Therefore, to get seeds, provide timely watering, or mulch the soil tightly around the bushes.
High temperatures can interfere with ovaries - above 35 degrees, barren flowers can appear, the smell of grass and fruits changes greatly. Therefore, it is better to sow cilantro from March to May, and not to sow in summer. Sowing is resumed from late August to early October.
Cilantro works well on fertile soils, chernozems. For good growth, she prefers soils close to neutral reaction.
The oils that make up cilantro remove toxins, and also effectively help the body absorb heavy foods (root vegetables and starch). When cilantro is used, even in salads, even in broths, there is no unpleasant feeling of heaviness in the stomach, food is digested faster.
It can be recommended to anyone who has problems with the cardiovascular system and esophagus. It stimulates peristalsis, improves appetite, strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
For wound healing, cilantro is used as a natural antiseptic; tincture from its fruits perfectly heals cuts and bites.
In addition to salads, greens of young cilantro rosettes are used as a seasoning for soups and meat dishes. Very fragrant ear is obtained from salmon or pink salmon with the addition of greens. Cilantro seeds are especially important as a spice for cheeses and sausages.
Interestingly, if you chew cilantro grains before drinking, they slow down the intoxication process and reduce the unpleasant smell of alcohol. Alcoholic tinctures of cilantro seeds also soften the pungent smell of alcohol.
They are also used in some types of gins. Our favorite black bread "Borodinsky" is also abundantly sprinkled with this wonderful seasoning.
So, the article reveals the main agrotechnical techniques for growing cilantro, provides practical advice from experts. Cilantro has remarkable health benefits and is used in many dishes and tinctures. If you have just decided to try this spice, our publications will help you diversify your dishes to the table.