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Red-listed anemone is oak. Description. Using

Red-listed anemone is oak. Description. Using


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Striking with its grace and fragility, Anemone is a medicinal plant with wide application. It is not surprising that it is listed in the Red Book as an endangered plant species.

There is a belief that during the expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise, as a punishment, they were showered with snow. When Eve began to cry from despondency and chills, God turned the snowflakes into flowers of an oak tree anemone.

Content:

  • Various name variations
  • Flowering and harvesting time, plant description
  • The healing properties of anemone oakravna

Various name variations

From the Latin language, Anemone nemorosa (Anemone nemorosa) is translated as "daughter of the winds". Indeed, the plant begins to sway even from a gentle breeze.

There are also several popular names, which include:

  1. Buttercup. This name arose from the fact that the anemone, like the entire buttercup family, contains anemonin.
  2. Freckle. This name was described in the book "Healing Herbs" by Zoska Veras.
  3. Kuroslep. This name is associated with the toxic effects of the Dubravnaya anemone.
  4. Canapelka. The shape of the leaves is vaguely similar to that of hemp.
  5. Snowdrop. The oak anemone is similar and the first herald of spring is like snowdrops.

The name of the plant can indicate what is one of the main reasons for the decrease in their number. The main place of growth of the Oak grove string was oak forests located in the European part of Russia. Due to the decrease in the number of oak groves, the anemone began to disappear with them, which was directly dependent on them.

Another reason for the gradual disappearance of the plant is the love of people for flowers. In the spring, people pluck them, enchanted by the tenderness of beautiful flowers. And the plant is so fragile that it can be easily pulled out of the ground along with its thin root system. The new plant will give its first flowering only after 10 - 12 years.

Thus, the Annemone is under state protection and is listed in the Red Book of the following regions of Russia: Moscow Region, Belgorod Region, Bryansk Region, Vladimir Region, Vologda Region, Chuvashia, Yaroslavl Region, Mari El, Murmansk Region, Oryol region, Novgorod region, Smolensk region, Stavropol region, Tula region

To preserve fragile, but strong in its useful properties, Anemone oakravna, it is necessary to limit mass harvests in natural places of growth and to increase cultivation.

Many, seeing a vast meadow, pick flowers without even thinking about what a rare flower it might be and destroy many plant species out of idle curiosity about beauty, causing irreparable damage to nature.

Flowering and harvesting time, plant description

Flowering falls between April and May. The plant is harvested during flowering. Moreover, during collection, you should be very careful, since contact with the skin can cause noticeable irritation at the point of contact. Therefore, you should wear gardening gloves that protect your skin from direct contact with anemone.

A herbaceous perennial plant of the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae) has an erect, slightly pubescent stem, reaching 15 to 25 centimeters in height. Possesses horizontally located rhizomes with a smooth surface. The roots grow rapidly, which contributes to the creation of bushy thickets.

The leaves are divided into three sections. Their resemblance to hemp leaves has been noted. There is no or rarely one leaf near the roots of the leaves. The flower grows singly in white, pale pink, and less often in lilac. More often the flower has 6 petals (sometimes their number reaches from 7 to 8). In diameter, the flowers of the oak grove anemone reach from 20 to 30 mm. The fruit is in the form of achenes, there are many small seeds inside, which ripen in June.

Anemone blooms in the second half of spring. Starting in March, the root system begins to actively grow and grows a stem with twisted leaves that are not yet very developed above the ground.

By the beginning of April, the stem rushes up to 5 or 10 cm. At this moment, already developed leaves open and the first shoots appear, on which a flower will grow. By mid-April, the plant begins to bloom with its magnificent fragile snow-white flower.

More often, Anemone grows in deciduous forests, because it is there that the most favorable conditions are created: loose fertile soil and a lot of shady space. The oak anemone mainly grows in groups, forming extensive thickets. Each plant blooms annually for 40 to 50 years. Reproduction of the plant takes place at the expense of root growth and with the help of seeds.

There are about 150 varieties of anemone. It grows in the European part of the forests of Russia, in the eastern part to the Volga, in the national park "Smolenskoe Poozerie" and throughout the region as a whole. In Ukraine, in the zone of the Forest-steppe and Western Polesie. The oak anemone can also be found in Western and Central Europe. In Siberia, there is also a similar species to the oak wood anemone.

Healing properties of anemone oakravna

Due to the content of anemonal, vitamin C, saponin, tannin, resins, organic acids, alkaloids and other substances in the plant, it has extensive healing properties:

  • Antifungal. Destroys fungal formations of various kinds.
  • Sedative. Has a calming and antispasmodic effect.
  • Pain reliever. Relaxes and relieves pain.
  • Expectorant. Promotes rapid excretion of phlegm, reducing its viscosity.
  • Bactericidal. Neutralizes pathogens of various infectious diseases.
  • Diaphoretic. Strengthens the ability to remove toxins and salts from the body.

Using

Based on the healing properties, anemone is a part of drugs for migraine, dermatitis, eczema, purulent wounds, rheumatism, gout, sexual weakness in men and women. However, do not forget that the plant is poisonous!

It is necessary to use tinctures and preparations based on it in limited quantities, after consulting a doctor. The plant is harvested during flowering and dried in the shade at temperatures up to 40 degrees Celsius. The dried plant is further stored in glass containers for 1 year.

  1. Infusion of leaves. Pour 10 grams of fresh (2 grams of dry) crushed leaves with one glass of boiling water and leave for four hours. Strain and drink several small sips throughout the day 20 minutes before meals. Tincture on dried leaves can be drunk to treat inflammation of the spleen, kidneys, bladder and liver, with the formation of gallstones, and colds. They drink it for menstrual irregularities, impotence, toothache and headache. But before using it is worth consulting a doctor.
  2. Tincture for alcohol. If it is not possible to purchase pure medical alcohol, you can use good vodka for the tincture. One hundred grams of dried crushed plant must be poured with one liter of alcohol. You need to store the tincture in a dark place, shaking 1-2 times a day. After ten days, strain the tincture through a fine strainer or double gauze. It is used for external use, suitable for use for one year, for diseases such as sciatica and rheumatism.

Anemone is also used in gardening. Back in the 16th century, they began to grow anemone in gardens, finding and replanting them from oak forests. Beautiful snow-white flowers are used to decorate flower beds, borders, garden slides, become a beautiful decoration for lawns and are grown simply for a cut.

To decorate and complement bright shades, varieties with pink, red and purple flowers are planted to the white oak anemone. Harmoniously, the oak anemone will look under trees or in a rock garden. The anemone is also distinguished by its frost resistance, therefore, this plant does not need to be covered for the winter.

The oak anemone is of genuine interest for beekeepers as well. Its delicate scent attracts insects, including bees.

See how to treat pneumonia with anemone:


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