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A colorful coral bush, evergreen dwarf shrub, Cuban cherry is the name of the indoor nightshade, a plant that grows up to 50 cm in height.
Nightshade can be safely called an original culture, since the small berries that show after flowering change their color from green to burgundy, moreover, multi-colored "mini tomatoes" ripen on one bush at the same time. To enjoy the beauty of this shrub, you should know the secrets of caring for it.
- Planting nightshade
- Conditions for keeping indoor nightshade
- Seasonal plant care
Nightshade is a perennial shrub that propagates both by seed and cuttings. The difference in planting affects the number and size of nightshade fruits. If seeds are used for cultivation, then the plants grow strong and bear fruit well. If propagated by cuttings, then the bush takes time to adapt to new soil and rooting.
Sowing nightshade seeds is recommended in late February or early March using the following soil composition:
- 1 part of peat land;
- 3 parts of clay soil;
- A handful of sand and drainage to the bottom.
The mixture is stirred and poured into a pot with a volume of up to 1 liter. The nightshade seeds are distributed at a distance of 2 cm from each other, and pressed into the ground with a stick or a match to a depth of 1 cm. The sowing is moistened. The container with nightshade is sent to a well-lit windowsill. But it should be noted that the plant does not like heat. Lighting is essential for good seed germination. When the nightshade has already turned green, the plant should be darkened a little.
After 7 to 10 days, the first shoots appear. Within a week, they gain strength and grow up to 3 - 4 cm. When 2 leaves appear, small seedlings are transplanted into separate pots. Having reached 10 cm in height, pinch the top of the nightshade and remove the side stems to give the bush a spherical shape.
Conditions for keeping indoor nightshade
The conditions for keeping indoor nightshade mean:
- Temperature regime;
- Air humidity.
The optimum temperature for growing nightshade in the spring and summer is +15, + 25 degrees Celsius. As autumn approaches, the shrub will require a decrease in the heat level to + 12, + 15 degrees.
Lighting is an integral part of the successful cultivation of indoor nightshade, which loves light but not heat.
In addition, the appearance of the nightshade can determine what the culture does not like.
- If the nightshade has thrown off the leaves, it picks up light;
- If it blooms poorly and the fruits are small, there is a lack of heat;
- Leaves began to curl - an excess of sunlight;
- Leaves wither - insufficient watering and hot place;
- Fruits wrinkle - there is little moisture in the soil;
- Leaves are discolored - lack of fertilizers;
- Greens are covered with brown spots - magnesium is needed.
You should also control the level of humidity in the air. It should not fall below 60%. If the apartment or house is too hot, you should regularly spray the nightshade or once a week lower the pot into a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay.
Seasonal plant care
There are many tips on the Internet about caring for indoor nightshade, but from personal experience I decided to write the rules for seasonal care for nightshade. I'll start in spring, since it is during this period that nightshade is planted or sown, and from this moment care for it begins.
Spring care for nightshade:
- Seedlings must be watered when the soil dries out;
- It is imperative to cut off the lateral stems so that the plant grows in the form of a bush and all the forces go to the formation of the central trunk, and then the inflorescence;
- The lighting should not be too strong. I recommend placing a flowerpot with a flower on the windows of east or west orientation;
- Top dressing during the growth period is not required, you just need to loosen the soil a little on the sides of the flowerpot so as not to injure the roots;
- When the nightshade begins to bloom, gently transfer the ardor from one flower to another with a cotton swab or brush. This action will help to achieve the best harvest.
- If the plant is several years old, we transplant it into a new container with an admixture of sod land.
Summer plant care:
- It is necessary to take the flower out into the open air. You can go to the balcony, avoiding direct sunlight;
- Avoid drafts;
- Abundant watering as the land dries up;
- Feeding the plant once every 2 weeks with special liquid fertilizers such as "Rainbow", "Ideal" or mixtures of useful microelements for tomatoes.
- Daily morning or evening spraying of leaves.
Autumn and winter care
- As winter approaches, it is worth reducing watering, since October - February is a dormant period. But you shouldn't stop moisturizing. It is necessary to water once every 10 days only with soft water without chlorine.
- A pot with nightshade will be placed in a cool place, maintain high humidity, lighting;
- Once a week, provide an influx of fresh air by ventilating the room with the plant;
- If there are non-flowering shoots on the bush, they should be cut off;
- At the end of February, when the nightshade begins to "come to life", it is worth increasing the amount of watering, and start spraying the crop little by little.
Plant characteristics and cultivation features: