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Rutabaga before the import of potatoes into Russia by Peter I was one of the main vegetable crops, therefore cultivation of swede carried out practically throughout the country.
Rutabaga is quite valuable, high-yielding, unpretentious, cold-resistant vegetable, bears fruit well on cold clayey heavy soils, on peat bogs. Basically she is culture of middle and northern latitudes, but in the south of the country, planting rutabagas is also not uncommon.
Growing swede is carried out by sowing seeds directly into the ground or through seedlings. Seeds begin to germinate at + 2 + 3 degrees. The soil is prepared both for potatoes and root crops, loosening it well. It is advisable to soak the swede seeds a day before planting in warm water for about half an hour, cover with a cloth and leave for 5-6 hours in a warm room, and then dry.
To protect seedlings swede from cruciferous flea beetles, 3-4 days after sowing the seeds, sprinkle the soil with fine lime or wood ash. With the seedling method, the seedlings of the rutabagas, after the appearance of 3-4 real leaves, must be thinned out, leaving the distance between the plants 15-17 cm.
Subsequent care consists in weeding, periodic watering and top dressing, loosening the soil. As the first top dressing, it is best to use slurry diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 6 or a complex mineral fertilizer, the second top dressing should contain phosphorus and potassium.
The cultivation of swede ends with harvesting, which is carried out until stable frosts. Exposure to lower temperatures greatly reduces the keeping quality of root crops.