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In the heart of winter
It is often believed that the plants develop only during the warm season, with the warm and humid climate of spring, while during the winter it is believed that all the plants are in complete vegetative rest. In fact, even in winter, not all the garden sleeps, some plants do not need heat to wake up and start producing flowers or leaves again. As happens for example for poinsettia in Mexico, which produces its flowers when the days tend to shorten, regardless of the rigors of winter in full development, even some plants originating in our latitudes are based on hours of sunshine to begin their flowering , and not necessarily it is evergreens. If we want to have a flower garden even under the snow we can choose to plant some of these shrubs, they will cheer us up when the rest of nature looks gray and hostile.
Most of the plants that produce flowers in the middle of winter do not have brightly colored flowers, large or fragrant; it is instead small flowers often yellow or greenish, which however begin to bloom when the hours of daily insolation increase; even if we are in the heart of winter, this event heralds the approaching spring.
The most widespread winter flowering plant is certainly the so-called San Giuseppe jasmine, Jasminum nudiflorum; but also the hamamelis and the chimonanthus (also erroneously called winter calicanto) produce the first buds in January-February, when the garden is almost completely gray. These three plants in particular produce yellow flowers, which stand out particularly on their stems, as they are totally devoid of leaves; the completely bare dark stems are adorned first with small buds, then with golden flowers, particularly appreciated during the bleak winter. Beautiful yellow flowers are shown off in the middle of winter also from the edgeworthia, it is a very particular shrub, which produces the flowers in spherical bunches, which remind of big yellow pompoms, very curious.
Some plants that belong to the European undergrowth produce flowers throughout the winter, from December to the beginning of spring; first of all we remember the hellebore, also called christmas rose; in the wood these herbaceous plants stand out, up to 45-70 cm high, depending on the species, which produce large white, yellow or violet flowers. In the bare and gray undergrowth we also find snowdrops, which produce white bell-shaped flowers, between the bright green foliage, and the dog's tooth, which instead produces the flowers first and then the foliage.
Winter plants: The camellias
Of all the winter flowering garden plants, camellias certainly occupy a place of primary importance; sasanqua camellias produce small buds during the months of December and January; while the camellia japonica, with large flowers that resemble roses, produce their flowers at the end of winter.