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Family of conifers, generally evergreen, originating from the eastern Mediterranean, spread throughout the Mediterranean basin; It is a long-lived tree, slow growing, which in nature can reach 20-25 meters in height. It has a columnar habit, dark-green, scaly leaves that completely cover the small branches; the bark is smooth, furrowed with vertical cracks, of dark gray color. The male plants produce inflorescences in spring which release much yellowish pollen; the female plants instead produce roundish fruits, which in autumn release small seeds. Plant appreciated as a bonsai, it offers some difficulties in shaping and pruning and shearing.
Pruning and exposure
Pruning: it is pruned during the vegetative period, from March to October; the sprouts are trimmed with the fingers, to avoid that the metal blades yellow the cutting surface; it is advisable to shorten the tree often, since the growth in height usually causes the loss of low branches. The wire can be applied throughout the year, possibly quite large in diameter, and should be left for a long time, since the branches of the cypress tend to resume the original shape with ease.
Display: likes a very bright position, even in full sun; in summer it is good to vaporize it in the hottest periods, and possibly place it in a shady position. If the winter frosts last a long time it is good to protect it from the intense cold.
Cypress - Cupressus: Other tips
Watering: it is advisable to supply water often, but in limited quantities, in order to keep the environment humid, without causing water stagnations that would be harmful. In summer, increase the amount of water if the weather requires it. In winter, avoid watering if the climate is too hard and the plant is outside. Add fertilizer for bonsai every 20 days to the irrigation water.
Land: does not have special land requirements; prepare a compote by mixing two parts of sand, one part of clay and one of peat. The young specimens should be repotted every year, between April and May, as they grow a lot; adult plants are repotted every 2-3 years, in spring.
Multiplication: in spring the seeds of the previous year are sown, in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts.
Pests and diseases: does not fear particular diseases, some varieties in nature suffer from a disease called cypress cancer, which usually does not affect bonsai specimens. Sometimes they can be attacked by aphids and cochineal.