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fast-growing semi-evergreen climbing shrub, native to Brazil, with light green leaves, small cream-colored flowers, surrounded by showy fuchsia, orange or pink bracts; The bark is light brown, the branches and the trunk have thorns. This plant in nature has a climber habit, but like bonsai it is cultivated with an upright habit; does not present many cultivation difficulties.
Pruning and exposure
Pruning: generally pruned in autumn, at the end of flowering; having rapid growth, pruning must be vigorous, if winter growth has been excessive it is possible to prune it partially until the end of spring. The wire is applied only on the shoots, since the wood is very fragile and breaks easily.
Display: can be kept in a sunny and ventilated position. In winter, if temperatures drop below 5-7 ° C for a long time, it is good to take it indoors, in the house or in a cold greenhouse. If the summer temperatures are too high it is advisable to repair it from the sun.
Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea - Bougainvillea glabra: Other tips
Watering: water often during the summer months, avoiding water stagnation and letting the soil dry between one watering and another. Moderately irrigate in winter. Add fertilizer for bonsai throughout the year, avoiding the flowering period.
Soil: composed of two parts of peat, two parts of sand and a part of clay; keep the soil well drained by placing a layer of coarse sand on the bottom of the pot.
The bougainvillea repot every two years, at the beginning of winter, pruning the roots.
Multiplication: takes place by cuttings, taking woody or semi-woody cuttings in spring, which must be rooted in a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts.
Pests and diseases: can be affected by ferric chlorosis and root rot. Sometimes it is attacked by aphids and cochineal.